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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 33, Number 5
BKCSDE 33(5)
May 20, 2012 

A Highly Efficient and Selective Nickel/Clay Catalyst for Liquid Phase Hydrogenation of Maleic Anhydride to Succinic Anhydride
Weiping Tian, Shaofei Guo, Li Shi*
Maleic anhydride, Ni, Clay, Hydrogenation, Succinic anhydride
Three Ni-based catalysts with different clay as support were prepared and tested in the hydrogenation of maleic anhydride, among which Ni/clay1 showed best activity and selectivity. Over Ni/clay1 catalyst prepared by impregnation method, 97.14% conversion of maleic anhydride and 99.55% selectivity to succinic anhydride were obtained at 180 °C under a pressure of 1 MPa. Catalytic activity was greatly influenced by the temperature and weighted hourly space velocity. Catalyst deactivation studies showed that this catalyst have a long life time, the yield of MA still higher than 90% even after a reaction time of 60 h. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and H2 temperature programmed reduction (TPR) were use to investigate the properties of the catalyst. XRD and TPR studies showed that Ni was present as Ni2+ on the support, which indicated that there was no elemental nickel (Ni0) and Ni2O3 in the unreduced samples. The formation of Ni was strong impact on catalytic activity.
1643 - 1646
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