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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 33, Number 3
BKCSDE 33(3)
March 20, 2012 

Kinetics and Mechanism of the Anilinolysis of Dibutyl Chlorothiophosphate in Acetonitrile
Md. Ehtesham Ul Hoque, Hai Whang Lee*
Thiophosphoryl transfer reaction, Anilinolysis, Dibutyl chlorothiophosphate, Deuterium kinetic isotope effect
The nucleophilic substitution reactions of dibutyl chlorothiophosphate (4S) with substituted anilines (XC6H4NH2) and deuterated anilines (XC6H4ND2) are investigated kinetically in acetonitrile at 55.0 oC. The obtained deuterium kinetic isotope effects (DKIEs; kH/kD) are primary normal (kH/kD = 1.10-1.35). A concerted mechanism involving predominant frontside nucleophilic attack is proposed on the basis of the primary normal DKIEs and selectivity parameters. Hydrogen bonded, four-center-type transition state is proposed. The steric effects of the two ligands on the anilinolysis rates of the chlorothiophosphates are discussed. The anilinolyses of P=S systems are compared with those of their P=O counterparts on the basis of the reactivities, thio effects, selectivity parameters, and DKIEs.
843 - 847
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