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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 32, Number 9
BKCSDE 32(9)
September 20, 2011 

Salen-Aluminum Complexes as Host Materials for Red Phosphorescent Organic Light-Emitting Diodes
Hye Jin Bae, Kyu Young Hwang, Min Hyung Lee,*, Youngkyu Do*
Salen-aluminum complex, Host materials, Red phosphorescence, OLEDs
The properties of monomeric and dimeric salen-aluminum complexes, [salen(3,5-tBu)2Al(OR)], R = OC6H4- p-C6H6 (H1) and R = [salen(3,5-tBu)AlOPh]C(CH3)2 (H2) (salen = N,N'-bis-(salicylidene)-ethylenediamine) as host layer materials in red phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes (PhOLEDs) were investigated. H1 and H2 exhibit high thermal stability with decomposition temperature of 330 and 370 °C. DSC analyses showed that the complexes form amorphous glasses upon cooling of melt samples with glass transition temperatures of 112 and 172 °C. The HOMO (ca. −5.2 ~ −5.3 eV) and LUMO (ca. −2.3 ~ −2.4 eV) levels with a triplet energy of ca. 1.92 eV suggest that H1 and H2 are suitable for a host material for red emitters. The PhOLED devices based on H1 and H2 doped with a red emitter, Ir(btp)2(acac) (btp = bis(2-(2'-benzothienyl)- pyridinato-N,C3; acac = acetylacetonate) were fabricated by vacuum-deposition and solution process, respectively. The device based on vacuum-deposited H1 host displays high device performances in terms of brightness, luminous and quantum efficiencies comparable to those of the device based on a CBP (4,4'-bis(Ncarbazolyl) biphenyl) host while the solution-processed device with H2 host shows poor performance.
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