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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 32, Number 9
BKCSDE 32(9)
September 20, 2011 

Antimicrobial Flavonoid, 3,6-Dihydroxyflavone, Have Dual Inhibitory Activity against KAS III and KAS I
Jee-Young Lee, Eunjung Lee, Ki-Woong Jeong, Yangmee Kim *
FAS, KAS I, Docking, Antibiotics, Flavonoid
Three types of β-ketoacyl acyl carrier protein synthase (KAS) are important for overcoming the bacterial resistance problem. Recently, we reported the discovery of a antimicrobial flavonoid, YKAF01 (3,6- dihydroxyflavone), which exhibits antibacterial activity against Gram-positive bacteria through inhibition of β- ketoacyl acyl carrier protein synthase III (KAS III). In this report, we suggested that YKAF01 can be an inhibitor β-ketoacyl acyl carrier protein synthase I (KAS I) with dual inhibitory activity for KAS I as well as KAS III. KAS I is related to the elongation of unsaturated fatty acids in bacterial fatty acid synthesis and can be a good therapeutic target of designing novel antibiotics. We performed docking study of Escherichia coli KAS I (ecKAS I) and YKAF01, and determined their binding model. YKAF01 binds to KAS I with high binding affinity (2.12 × 106) and exhibited an antimicrobial activity against the multidrug-resistant E. coli with minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) value of 512 μg/mL. Further optimization of this compound will be carried out to improve its antimicrobial activity and membrane permeability against bacterial cell membrane.
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