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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 32, Number 8
BKCSDE 32(8)
August 20, 2011 

Ultrasonic-assisted Micellar Extraction and Cloud-point Pre-concentration of Major Saikosaponins in Radix Bupleuri using High Performance Liquid Chromatography with Evaporative Light Scattering Detection
Joon Hyuk Suh, Dong-Hyug Yang, Sang Beom Han *
Saikosaponin, Cloud-point extraction, Genapol X-080, Radix Bupleuri, HPLC-ELSD
A new ultrasonic-assisted micellar extraction and cloud-point pre-concentration method was developed for the determination of major saikosaponins, namely saikosaponins -A, -C and -D, in Radix Bupleuri by high performance liquid chromatography with evaporative light scattering detection (HPLC-ELSD). The non-ionic surfactant Genapol X-080 (oligoethylene glycol monoalkyl ether) was chosen as the extraction additive and parameters affecting the extraction efficiency were optimized. The highest yield was obtained with 10% (w/v) Genapol X-080, a liquid/solid ratio of 200:1 (mL/g) and ultrasonic-assisted extraction for 40 min. In addition, the optimum cloud-point pre-concentration was reached with 10% sodium sulfate and equilibration at 60 °C for 30 min. Separation was achieved on an Ascentis Express C18 column (100 × 4.6 mm i.d., 2.7 μm) using a binary mobile phase composed of 0.1% acetic acid and acetonitrile. Saikosaponins were detected by ELSD, which was operated at a 50 °C drift tube temperature and 3.0 bar nebulizer gas (N2) pressure. The water-based solvent modified with Genapol X-080 showed better extraction efficiency compared to that of the conventional solvent methanol. Recovery of saikosaponins ranged from 93.1 to 101.9%. An environmentally-friendly extraction method was successfully applied to extract and enrich major saikosaponins in Radix Bupleuri.
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