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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 32, Number 2
BKCSDE 32(2)
February 20, 2011 

Anticonvulsant Activity of a Combined Pharmacophore of Pyrazolo-pyridines with Lesser Toxicity in Mice
Nadeem Siddiqui*, Waquar Ahsan, M Shamsher Alam, Ruhi Ali, Kamna Srivastava, Sharique Ahmed
Pyrazoles, Pyridines, Nicotinonitriles, Anticonvulsants, Neurotoxicity
Various 2-amino-6-[3-(substituted phenyl)-5-phenyl-4,5-dihydropyrazol-1-yl]-4-(substituted phenyl)nicotinonitriles (3a-t) were designed and synthesized by clubbing two active anticonvulsant pharmacophores pyrazole and pyridine. All the synthesized compounds possessed the pharmacophoric elements essential for good anticonvulsant activity. The anticonvulsant screening was performed by maximal electroshock seizure (MES) and subcutaneous pentylenetetrazole (scPTZ) tests. Two compounds 3i and 3s showed significant anticonvulsant activity in both the screens with ED50 values 17.5 mg/kg and 22.6 mg/kg respectively in MES screen and 154.1 mg/kg and 242.6 mg/kg respectively in scPTZ screen. They were also found to have no acute toxic effects in mice when tested at elevated doses.
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