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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 31, Number 11
BKCSDE 31(11)
November 20, 2010 

Minimum Structural Requirements for Fungicidal Evaluation of N-Phenyl-O-phenylthionocarbamates against the Capsicum Phytophthora Blight (Phyophthora capsici) Based on the 3D-QSARs
Min Gyu Soung, Seok Chan Jang, Nack Do Sung*
CoMFA model, 3D-QSARs, Fungicidal activity, N-Phenyl-O-phenylthionocarbamates, Phytophthora capsici.
In this study, the 3D-QSARs (three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationships: CoMFA and CoMSIA) between structural changes of N-phenyl-O-phenylthionocarbamate analogues (1-30) and their fungicidal activities against the capsicum phytophthora (Phyophthora capsici) fungi were analyzed, then considered quantitatively in terms of minimum structural requirements for fungicidal evaluation. The statistical qualities (r2cv. = 0.510 and r2ncv. = 0.948) of the optimal CoMFA 1 model are improved over the other models in the conditions of field combinations, and the two alignments. In the optimal CoMFA 1 model, relative contribution percentages of the CoMFA field were: steric field, 52.3%; electrostatic field, 37.8%; hydrophobic field, 9.9%. Results were similar for the CoMFA 2 model. Therefore, the steric field of the analogues had the highest contribution ratio for fungicidal activity. Specifically, with the contour map of steric fields, the fungicidal activity increased when bulky steric Y-substituents were introduced to the meta-position on the N-phenyl ring and small steric Y-subsituents were introduced to its para-position.
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