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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 30, Number 4
BKCSDE 30(4)
April 20, 2009 

Delivery of Hypoxia Inducible Heme Oxygenase-1 Gene Using Dexamethasone Conjugated Polyethylenimine for Protection of Cardiomyocytes under Hypoxia
Hyunjung Kim, Hyun Ah Kim, Joon Sig Choi, Minhyung Lee*
Dexamethasone, Cardiomyocytes, Heme oxygenase-1, Hypoxia, Polyethylenimine
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is an anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic protein and has been applied to various gene therapy researches. However, constitutive expression of HO-1 may induce deleterious side effects. In this research, hypoxia inducible HO-1 expression plasmid, pEpo-SV-HO-1, was constructed with the erythropoietin (epo) enhancer and simian virus 40 (SV40) promoter to avoid these unwanted side effects. Dexamethasone conjugated polyethylenimine (PEI-Dexa) was used as a gene carrier. It was previously reported that dexamethasone protected cardiomyocytes from apoptosis under hypoxia. In this research, PEI-Dexa reduced the caspase-3 level in hypoxic H9C2 cardiomyocytes as a derivative of dexamethasone, suggesting that PEI-Dexa is an anti-apoptotic reagent as well as a gene carrier. pEpo-SV-HO-1 was transfected to H9C2 cardiomyocytes using PEI-Dexa and the cells were incubated under normoxia or hypoxia. HO-1 expression was induced in the pEpo-SV-HO-1 transfected cells under hypoxia. In addition, cell viability under hypoxia was higher in the pEpo-SV-HO-1 transfected cells than the pEpo-SV-Luc transfected cells. Also, caspase-3 level was reduced in the pEpo-SV-HO-1 transfected cells under hypoxia. In addition to the anti-apoptotic effect of PEI-Dexa, hypoxia inducible HO-1 expression by pEpo-SVHO- 1 may be helpful to protect cardiomyocytes under hypoxia. Therefore, pEpo-SV-HO-1/PEI-Dexa complex may be useful for ischemic heart disease gene therapy.
897 - 901
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