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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 29, Number 1
BKCSDE 29(1)
January 20, 2008 

Lithium Chloride-Imidazolium Chloride Melts for the Coupling
Reactions of Propylene Oxide and CO2
Ly Vinh Nguyen, Bora Lee, Dinh Quan Nguyen, Min-Jung Kang, Hyunjoo Lee, Seol Ryu, Hoon Sik Kim*, Je Seung Lee*
Ionic liquids, Lithium chloride, Lithium dichloride, Carbon dioxide, Cyclic carbonates
A series of lithium chloride-imidazolium chloride (LiCl-[imidazolium]Cl) melts were prepared and their catalytic activities were evaluated for the coupling reactions of propylene oxide and CO2. At the constant mole of LiCl, the catalytic activities of LiCl-[imidazolium]Cl melts increased with increasing molar ratio of [imidazolium]Cl/LiCl up to 2, but thereafter decreased rapidly. The variation of alkyl groups on the imidazolium ring showed a negligible effect on the catalytic activity, but the number of alkyl groups present on the imidazolium cation exerts a pronounced effect. Catalysis and electrospray ionization tandem mass spectral analysis results of LiCl-[imidazolium]Cl melts imply that the activity of the melt is strongly related to the amount of LiCl2- generated from the melt.
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