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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 28, Number 8
BKCSDE 28(8)
August 20, 2007 

Homology Modeling and Docking Study of β-Ketoacyl Acyl Carrier Protein Synthase III from Enterococcus Faecalis
Ki-Woong Jeong, Jee-Young Lee, Yangmee Kim*
KAS III, Enterococcus faecalis, Fatty acid synthesis, Antibiotics, Flavonoids
β-Ketoacyl acyl carrier protein synthase (KAS) III is a particularly attractive target in the type II fatty acid synthetic pathway, since it is central to the initiation of fatty acid synthesis. Enterococcus faecalis, a Grampositive bacterium, is one of the major causes of hospital acquired infections. The rise of multidrug-resistant of most bacteria requires the development of new antibiotics, such as inhibition of the KAS III. In order to block the fatty acid synthesis by inhibition of KAS III, at first, three dimensional structure of Enterococcus faecalis KAS III (efKAS III) was determined by comparative homology modeling using MODELLER based on x-ray structure of Staphylococcus aureus KAS III (saKAS III) which is a gram-positive bacteria and is 36.1% identical in amino acid sequences with efKAS III. Since His-Asn-Cys catalytic triad is conserved in efKAS III and saKAS III, substrate specificity of efKAS III and saKAS III and the size of primer binding pocket of these two proteins are expected to be similar. Ligand docking study of efKAS III with naringenin and apigenin showed that naringenin docked more strongly with efKAS III than apigenin, resulting in the intensive hydrogen bond network between naringenin and efKAS III. Also, only naringenin showed antibacterial activity against E. faecalis at 256 μg/mL. This study may give practical implications of flavonoids for antimicrobial effects against E. faecalis.
1335 - 1340
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