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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 27, Number 4
BKCSDE 27(4)
April 20, 2006 

Microfluidic Immunoassay Platform Using Antibody-immobilized Glass Beads and Its Application for Detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7
Nae Yoon Lee, Yoonsun Yang, Youn Sang Kim, Sungsu Park*
Microchamber, Glass bead, IgG immobilization, Pathogenic bacteria, Escherichia coli O157:H7
We developed a microfluidic immunoassay platform for the detection of various analytes such as bacterial pathogen by packing antibody-immobilized glass beads in spatially-isolated microchambers on a microfluidic device. Primary amines of antibody were covalently conjugated to carboxyl-terminated glass beads previously treated with aminosilane followed by glutaraldehyde. Through this covalent binding, up to 905 μg immunoglobulin G (IgG) per gram of glass beads was immobilized. For application, glass beads attaching antibody specific to Escherichia coli O157:H7, a foodborne pathogen, were packed into a microfluidic device and used for the detection of the serotype. This prototype immunoassay device can be used for the simultaneous detection of multiple analytes by sequentially packing different-sized glass beads attaching different antibody in discrete microchambers on a single microfluidic device.
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