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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 26, Number 12
BKCSDE 26(12)
December 20, 2005 

Evidences that β-Lactose Forms Hydrogen Bonds in DMSO
Hyunsook Ko, Gyuchang Shim, Yangmee Kim*
β-Lactose, DMSO, NMR spectroscopy, Molecular dynamics simulation, Hydrogen bond
Glycoproteins and glycolipids play key roles in intracellular reactions between cells and their environments at the membrane surface. For better understanding of the nature of these events, it is necessary to know threedimensional structures of those carbohydrates, involved in them. Since carbohydrates contain many hydroxyl groups which can serve both as hydrogen bond donors and acceptors, hydrogen bond is an important factor stabilizing the structure of carbohydrate. DMSO is an aprotic solvent frequently used for the study of carbohydrates because it gives detailed insight into the intramolecular hydrogen bond network. In this study, conformational properties and the hydrogen bonds in β-lactose in DMSO are investigated by NMR spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulations. NOEs, temperature coefficients, deuterium isotope effect, and molecular dynamics simulations proved that there is a strong intramolecular hydrogen bond between O3 and HO2' in β-lactose and also OH3 in β-lactose may form an intermolecular hydrogen bond with DMSO.
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