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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 26, Number 5
BKCSDE 26(5)
May 20, 2005 

Comparable Electron Capture Efficiencies for Various Protonated Sites on the 3rd Generation Poly(Propylene Imine) Dendrimer Ions: Applications by SORI-CAD and Electron Capture Dissociation Mass Spectrometry (ECD MS)
Sang Yun Han, Sunyoung Lee, Han Bin Oh*
Poly(propylene imine) dendrimer, Fourier transform mass spectrometry (FTMS), Electron capture dissociation, Sustained off-resonance irradiation collision activation dissociation (SORI-CAD), Proton distribution
In this article, we report the tandem mass spectrometry investigations for the electron capture efficiencies of the protons belonging to the different locations (generations) in a poly(propylene imine) dendrimer with three layers of a repeat unit (named as the third generation dendrimer). The employed tandem mass spectrometry methods include SORI-CAD (sustained off-resonance irradiation collisional activation dissociation) and ECD (electron capture dissociation) mass spectrometry. We obtained SORI-CAD spectra for the dendrimer ions in the different charge states, ranging from 2+ to 4+. The analysis of fragmentation sites provides the information as to where the protons are distributed among various generations of the dendrimer. Based upon this, a new strategy to study the electron capture efficiencies of the protons is utilized to examine a new type of triplycharged ions by SORI-CAD, i.e., the 3+ ions generated from the charge reduction of the native 4+ ions by ECD: (M+4H)4+ + e- → (M+4H)3+˙ → (H˙ ejected) + (M+3H)3+ → CAD. Interestingly, comparison of these four SORICAD spectra indicates that the proton distribution in the charge-reduced 3+ ions is very close to that in the native 4+ ions. It further suggests that in this synthetic polymer (~1.7 kDa) with an artificial architecture, the electron capture efficiencies of the protons are actually insensitive to where they are located in the molecule. This is somewhat contradictory to common expectations that the protons in the inner generations may not be well exposed to the incoming electron irradiation as much as the outer ones are, thus may be less efficient for electron capture. This finding may carry some implications for the case of medium sized peptide ions with similar masses, which are known to show no obvious site-specific fragmentations in ECD MS.
740 - 746
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