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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 26, Number 1
BKCSDE 26(1)
January 20, 2005 

Heterocyclic Nonlinear Optical Chromophores Composed of Phenothiazine or Carbazole Donor and 2-Cyanomethylene-3-cyano-4,5,5-trimethyl-2,5-dihydrofuran Acceptor
Min Ju Cho, Ja Youn Kim, Jae Hong Kim, Seung Hwan Lee, Larry R. Dalton, Dong Hoon Choi*
Phenothiazine, Carbazole, Nonlinear optical chromophore, Gradient donor moiety
We prepared the new nonlinear optical chromophores that show fairly high microscopic nonlinearity through intramolecular charge transfer. Phenothiazine and carbazole units played an important role to contribute high electron donability and connect the resonance pathway via conjugative effect in the cyclized ring beside the aromatic ring. Theoretical calculation, electrochemical analysis, and absorption spectroscopic study gave us useful information about the energy states and microscopic nonlinearities of two serial chromophores. We compared the microscopic nonlinearities of four chromophores with the conjugation length and electron donability in the push-pull type NLO chromophores. The effect of gradient donability and lengthening the conjugation were investigated on the electronic state and microscopic nonlinearity.
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