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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 24, Number 8
BKCSDE 24(8)
August 20, 2003 

Site-directed Mutagenesis of Tyrosine 108 Residue in Human Glutathione S-Transferase P1-1
So-Youn Ahn, Sang-Hoon Jeon, Hee-Joong Park, Kwang-Hoon Kong
Tyrosinase 108 residue, Enzymatic properties, Glutathione S-transferase, Inhibition characteristics, Substrate specificity
In order to study the role of residue in the active site of glutathione S-transferase (GST), Tyr 108 residue in human GST P1-1 was replaced with alanine, phenylalanine and tryptophan by site-directed mutagenesis to obtain mutants Y108A, Y108F and Y108W. These three mutant enzymes were expressed in Escherichia coli and purified to electrophoretic homogeneity by affinity chromatography on immobilized GSH. The substitutions of Tyr108 significantly affected Km CDNB and Km ETA, whereas scarcely affected Km GSH. The substitutions of Tyr108 also significantly affected I50 of ETA, an electrophilic substrate-like compound. The effect of these substitutions on kinetic parameters and the response to inhibition suggests that tyrosine 108 in hGST P1-1 contributes to the binding of the electrophilic substrate and a major determinant in the binding of CDNB is the aromatic ring of Tyr108, not its hydroxyl group.
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