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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 24, Number 8
BKCSDE 24(8)
August 20, 2003 

Synthesis of L-Ascorbic Acid Derivative Including 3-Aminopropane Phosphoric Acid as a Novel Whitening Agent
Hak Hee Kang, Seong-Geun Oh
2-O-[(3-Aminopropyl)phosphinooxy]-L-ascorbic acid (LAAP), Whitening agent
A stable derivative of L-ascorbic acid, 2-O-[(3-aminopropyl)phosphinooxy]-L-ascorbic acid (LAAP), was synthesized in moderate yield and its chemical stability and effects on melanin synthesis were investigated. LAscorbic acid was decomposed completely within about 1 hour, while 93% of LAAP remained even after 10 days. Treatment of L-ascorbic acid and LAAP decreased melanin content in normal human melanocytes to 33.8% and 49.1% of control at 2 mM, respectively. Considering chemical instability of L-ascorbic acid, LAAP is a much better whitening agent.
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