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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 24, Number 5
BKCSDE 24(5)
May 20, 2003 

Simulation of Atom Focusing for Nanostructure Fabrication
Chang Jae Lee
Atom lithography, Nanofabrication, Atom manipulation, Atom-laser interaction
The light pressure force from an optical standing wave (SW) can focus an atomic beam to submicrometer dimensions. To make the best of this technique it is necessary to find a set of optimal experimental parameters. In this paper we consider theoretically the chromium atoms focusing and demonstrate that the focusing performance depends not only on the strength of but also on the time atoms take to traverse the force field. The general conclusions drawn can easily be applied to other atoms. To analyze the problem we numerically integrate a coupled time-dependent Schrodinger equation over a wide range of experimental parameters. It is found that an optimal atomic beam speed-laser intensity pair does exist, which could give substantially improved focusing over the one with the experimental parameters given in the literature. It is also shown that the widely used classical particle optics approach can lead to erroneous predictions.
600 - 604
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