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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 23, Number 12
BKCSDE 23(12)
December 20, 2002 

Catalytic Hydrogenation of o-Nitrochlorobenzene to 3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine
Kaihua Shen, Shude Li, Dong Hoon Choi
2,2'-Dichlorohydroazobenzene was prepared by selective hydrogenation of o-nitrochlorobenzene with hydrogen in the presence of 0.8% and 5% Pd/C catalyst. o-Chloroaniline was a minor product in the catalytic hydrogenation of o-nitrochlorobenzene. The effects of base, Pd/C catalyst, and co-catalyst were discussed on catalytic hydrogenation. 2,2'-Dichlorohydroazobenzene, as an intermediate, was rearranged to 3,3'-dichlorobenzidine after reacting with HCl. It was shown that selectivity of catalytic hydrogenation of o-nitro-chlorobenzene is affected strongly by concentration of base, Pd/C catalyst, and co-catalyst. 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy confirmed the chemical structures of 2,2'-dichlorohydrazobenzene and 3,3'-dichlorobenzidine.
1785 - 1789
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