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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 23, Number 2
BKCSDE 23(2)
February 20, 2002 

Structures and N→Si Bond Characters of 1-Fluorosilatrane and the Silatranyl Cation
Hyo Sug Lee, Cheolbeom Bae, Youngkyu Do, Yoon Sup Lee
1-Fluorosilatrane, Silatranyl cation, Transannular bond, Ab initio, Density functional method.
The structures of 1-fluorosilatrane and the silatranyl cation were calculated by Hartree-Fock (HF), MΦfller-Plesset second order (MP2), and various density functional theory (DFT) methods using many different basis sets, demonstrating that the Si-N bonds in two species are quite different. The N→Si bond distance of 1-fluorosilatrane from the hybrid DFT calculations (~2.32Å) using the Perdew-Wang correlation functional agrees with the gas phase experimental value (2.324Å), while other functionals yield larger distances. The MP2 bond distance (2.287Å with 6-311G*) is shorter, and the HF one (2.544 Å with 6-311G*) larger than those of DFT calculations. The MP2 bond distance is in good agreement with experiment indicating that the electron correlations are crucial for the correct description of the N→Si interaction. The silatranyl cation is a stable local minimum on the potential energy surface in all methods employed suggesting that the cation could be a reaction intermediate. The Si-N bond length for the cation is about 1.87 Å for all calculations tested implying that the Si-N bond is mainly conventional. Bonding characteristics of the Si-N bond in two species derived from the natural bond orbital analysis support the above argument based on calculated bond lengths.
215 - 220
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