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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 21, Number 10
BKCSDE 21(10)
October 20, 2000 

Effect of Cations on the open-Circuit Photovoltage and the Charge-Injection Efficiency of Dye-Sensitized Nanocrys-talline Rutile TiO2 Fiims
Nam-Gyu Park, Soon-Ho Chang, Jao van de Lagemaat, Kang-Jin Kim, Arthur J.Frank
Dye-sensitized nanocrystalline rutile TiO₂ solar cells were prepared, and the influence of Li+ and 1,2-dimethyl-3-hexyl imidazolium ions in the electrolyte on the photovoltaic properties was compared. The electrolyte con-taining Li+ ions produced a lower open-circuit photovoltage than the electrolyte with 1,2-dimethyl-3-hexyl im-idazolium ions, suggesting that the adsorption of Li+ ions to the rutile TiO₂ surface causes a shift in the band edges toward more positive potentials. At the same time, both the short-circuit photocurrent and the maximum value of the incident-photon-current conversion efficiency (IPCE) of the electrolyte containing Li+ ions were relatively higher. Data analysis suggests that presence of adsorbed Li+ ions improves via the phenomenon of band-edge movement the charge-injection efficiency by altering both the energy and number of excited state levels of the dye that participate in electron injection.
985 - 988
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