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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 21, Number 4
BKCSDE 21(4)
April 20, 2000 

Modulation of Cytochrome c-Membrane Interaction by the Physical State of the Membrane and the Redox State of Cytochrome c
Ukchun Kim, Yu Shin Kim, Sanghwa Han *
Association of cytochrome c with anionic membranes involved both electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions and their relative contributions depended on the physical state of the membrane and the redox state of cyto-chromec.Hydrophobic interaction was favored by the membranes in gel phase, by the membranes with a large curvature, and by the membranes with a high surface charge density. Ferrocytochrome c was less dissociable by NaCl than ferricytochrome c suggesting that a lower protein stability is beneficial for hydrophobic interac-tion.Hydrophobic interaction induced larger structural perturbations on cytochrome c as monitored by the loss of the Fe-Met bond and by the increase in the distance between heme and Trp-59. When bound to anionic mem-branes,spin-labeled cytochrome c showed an electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum with two or more components, providing a direct evidence for multiple conformations of bound cytochrome c.
412 - 418
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